What is Pigmentation?

Pigmentation is characterized by a darkening of an area on the skin, which is caused by the overproduction of pigment in the skin known as melanin. It is relatively common and usually harmless.

Pigmentation is the result of either two occurrences:

  • An abnormally high concentration of melanocytes producing melanin
  • When melanocytes are hyperactive; example: sun exposure stimulates the production of melanin

Although it can affect anyone, this condition is more prevalent amoung certain ethnicities such as Asian, Mediterranean, African, or Latin. Pigmentation can affect any part of the body including the face, hands and neck.

Common Names:

Lentigo/Lentigenes –Lentigo simply means one freckle; Letingenes are multiple freckles

Solar Lentigenes—Widely known as “sun spots”, “age spots: and “liver spots”, solar lentigenes are freckles caused by sun exposure

Melasma—Often known as the “pregnancy mask” melasma caused by hormonal changes due to pregnancy and is characterized by splotchy, pigmented areas usually on the face (except the eye area)

How is it treated?

Pigmentation is treated by using the appropriate topical products and in office treatments. Once under control it is time to maintain and prevent, keep using the appropriate products including SUN PROTECTION.



  • SkinMedica’s Lytera Serum
  • SkinMedica’s Retinol

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